Many producers and consumers are not yet used to brands that distinguish between P.D.O. ( Protected Designation of Origin ) and P.G.I. ( Protected Geographical Indication ) products. Both are quality labels released by the European Union and are based on the proposal of the Minister of Agriculture of each European country,in conjunction with the availability of interested producers to undergo a constant control from a third party certification entity.
Protected Designation of Origin ( P.D.O. ) is a label that guarantees legal protection to the designation of those food products which qualitative characteristics depend, essentially or exclusively, on the region in which they are produced. The geographical environment includes both natural factors ( climate, environmental characteristics ), and human factors ( handed down production techniques, craftsmanship, savoir-faire ) which, combined, allow to obtain a product that is inimitable outside of that specific region. To make a P.D.O. product, the production, transformation, processing phases have to be carried on in a specific and limited geographic region.